发布日期：2018-11-01 编辑：admin 浏览量：26
180 million years ago,after a long geological history below the sea, and bearing a rich legacy ofmarine fossils of fish and corals, the south east Chinese continental plateemerged finally as dry land and began a new co-evolutionary history ofpaleo-geology and ecology in southeastern China with the uplifting of two largeand magnificent mountain ranges - Wuyi and Jinggang.
Today these mountainsexhibit a wealth of Outstanding Universal Values both in terms of biodiversityand also the cultural heritage that has been inspired by this delightfullandscape. In 1999 Mount Wuyi of Fujian Province was nominated and inscribed asa mixed World Heritage Site under two of the conventions cultural criteria andtwo natural criteria.
Under criterion iii)the site protects unique and exceptional testimony to past cultural traditionsin the form of Neolithic cliff boat burials and an ancient Han Dynasty city.
Under criterion vi) thesite is tangibly associated with significant ideas and beliefs containing manyrelic Song Dynasty academies of the philosopher Zhu Xi and his teachings onNeo-Confucianism.
Under criterion vii)thesite exhibits areas of exceptional aesthetic importance and scenery along the‘9 bend stream’, where red sandstone cliffs and pillars tower 400 m majesticabove the tranquil meandering river.
Under criterion x) thesite protects some of the most complete and richest examples of humidsubtropical forests with a wealth of rare, endangered and endemic speciestogether with some ‘living fossil’ tree species that date back to the MesozoicEra.
But the wonders do notend at the Fujian-Jiangxi border or at the peak of Mt Huanggang with itselevation of 2158m – the highest point of SE China. As we pass over thewatershed of the great Yangtze river basin, the wildness increases, biologicalrichness continues and we discover a broader series of additional hill rangesthat add, compliment and more completely frame the values already celebrated inMount Wuyi.
Thestate party of China is proud to present a series of additional sites to add tothe Fujian Mount Wuyi as a revised and extended property. In the Wuyi range,the property will be extended into Jiangxi province to add the steeper northslopes of the Wuyi range, adding 107km2 to the core area and 67km2 to the buffer zone.
TheseJiangxi portions of Wuyi are regarded by most Chinese zoologists as the wildestforests in SE China – more natural and less disturbed than Fujian Mount Wuyi.Indeed, many of the species listed in WH nomination document of Mount Wuyi arebetter represented or only found on the Jiangxi side of the range. This site forms the missing half of MountWuyi World Heritage property and should be added as an extension to thatproperty.
The new nomination alsoadds the middle sections of Luoxiao Mountains, centred on Mount Jinggang andextending south to include the highest peaks of the range - Nanfengmian with anelevation of 2120m. The total core area added 564km2,while the buffer zone is 380km2.
Jinggang is well known,duly protected and celebrated by most Chinese people as a site of agrarianrevolution. It was here that Mao Zedong found refuge after early defeats,unified the red army remnants, rethought his revolutionary strategy and set offon the Long March. Cultural relics of this historical period remain scatteredover the region. But there is a natural reason why Jinggang proved such asuitable place to shelter the fledgling red army. The Jinggang mountains are aunique and extraordinary natural forests and have been serving as a biologicalrefugium and species trap for millions of years.
This maze of steepridges and deep forested valleys forms an impenetrable kingdom where outlaws orpoets can escape from their troubles in the outside world or species can getlost in